is leaking of fluid from choroidal tissues behind the retina.
The fluid mostly collects in the central macular area, resulting
detachment of the macula from the tissue behind it (Retinal
Symptoms- observing a black circle in the central visual
field, minification of objects (appear smaller than normal)
with the affected eye and distortion of vision when looking
at straight lines.
Cause- although several causes are put forward, it
is largely thought to be idiopathic.
Stress- young persons with aggressive "type A" personalities,
both physical and emotional stress or trauma.
Steroid- use of steroid(as a drug) for any other disease.
Prescribed for inflammation, skin conditions, allergies, any
other eye problems can trigger, worsen, and cause relapses.
pylori- is a bacteria, which naturally occur in the stomach
also plays a role.
Systemic hypertension and obstructive sleep apnea may be associated
Investigations- most of the time CSCR can be diagnosed
by clinical examination only. However, some investigations
may be done in order to document and explanation, to find
the leak if laser in planned or to find out associated choroidal
neovascular membrane, retinal pigmentary atrophy etc. Fundus
Fluorescein Angiography, Optical Coherence Tomography Angio
OCT can be done.